In the Ganqing region of China, the Ganges basin in India, ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, Scandinavia, the Arabian region, Indian settlements in North America and Mayan settlements in South America, a symbol always has a noble meaning-- It is the puppet that is no longer familiar to the world.
人类 Ancient humans around the world linked 卍 with various natural images such as the sun, flames, and sea clouds, and used them almost uniformly to indicate the endless cycle of life and the transition of time. As early as in the Neolithic era, the 卍 pattern has frequently appeared on many pottery vessels, including left-handed and right-handed.
After the Tang and Five Dynasties, He gradually entered people's daily life. In the window, railing, hanging and other building components, bed frames, bookshelves and other indoor furniture, brocades, porcelain, wood carvings, incense burners and other daily homes and living decorations, Zigzag pattern is common. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, as a decorative theme, the motif became one of the most widely used decorative patterns in folk. In the Ming and Qing dynasty, decorative patterns emphasized that 'the picture must be intentional and the meaning must be auspicious.' Against this background, the 卍 pattern also showed diversified development in terms of composition form, inner meaning and other aspects. This characteristic was also vividly reflected in the hookah, which was popular in the late Qing Dynasty.
The 卍 pattern is basically decorated on the metal hand support of the hookah. According to its modeling characteristics, it can be divided into four types: independent, continuous two, continuous four and combined.
The independent 卍 pattern is the most basic type of 卍 character decoration method. Independent swashes often appear in the form of auxiliary ornaments, or to fill the blank area of ??the hand rest, or to set off the theme ornaments. Take the 'Haihai Pegasus' pattern hookah in the collection of the China Tobacco Museum as an example. This pot is made of copper with a straight and angular tobacco pipe. The palm rests are straight and upright. It depicts a flying sea of ??clouds and a flying horse. The horse is strong and powerful and looks back. The four corners of the outside are painted with a 卍 pattern, which symbolizes the wealth of the Quartet. Light flowers are painted on the other sides. In general, the pot has tough and straight lines, and the pattern layout is sparse and complex, which is quite masculine and fit.
The two-sided continuous striated pattern was most commonly used in the building components of windows and doors in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The designer of the hookah is likely to learn from this composition technique and concentrate its essence in the square inch of the hand rest. The two continuous 卍 and 卐 patterns on the two sides are connected to form a decorative strip, which is laid on the upper and lower edges of the hand rest, showing a continuous shape, which means auspiciousness. Take the collection's hollow plum pattern hookah as an example, the left and right sides of the hand support are carved with a left-handed zigzag pattern as a border, and the four-petal plum shape is carved between the patterns. Posture.
The square continuous 卍 pattern is also known as the 卍 character brocade pattern, the 卍 character flowing pattern, and the long-foot 卍 pattern. It is one of the most prosperous and aesthetic types in all forms of tortoiseshell, and it represents the endless beauty of wealth. The four ends of the rune extend vertically and horizontally to connect with each other. The left-handed cymbals and right-handed cymbals are spaced and intertwined in order, stretching across the ampulla, perfectly embodying the changes in symmetry and balance, repetition and rhythm, and unity. The rule of formal beauty. Take the collection of copper bronze cloisonne blue lotus hookah as an example. The red background of this pot is like a gem, and the brocade is shaped with copper wire. It is painted with blossoming lotus branches, beautiful lotus petals, and lotus branches. Against the backdrop of Jindi, it looks particularly delicate.
Combination 卍 pattern is a special type of decoration of 卍 characters. It is a combination of the above three types of 卍 patterns and other auspicious themes to jointly express auspicious meanings such as Wufu. For example, the inscription on the brocade is carved with peaches and bats, which symbolizes the five blessings and longevity; and it also has a character inscribed on the lotus petals of the Sihe Ruyi, expressing the wish of everything. Take the collection of white bronze carved phoenix hookahs in the collection as an example. Three layers of ornaments are painted on the palm rest. The upper and lower layers are auxiliary decorative bands with longevity and group life. Longevity. The depressions of the various patterns are filled with blue and green colors, the green material is bright and lively, and the blue is elegant and deep.
The pattern of the ridge pattern on the hookah may seem messy, but if you study it carefully, you can still draw some rules. In general, the hookahs that use Cloisonne's crafts are spread with bronzing inscriptions or decorative independent sculptural patterns; it is more common to use two-way and four-way continuity on the hollow and chiseled handrests; and the handrests using engraving technology Each of the four forms has its share.
For modern people who love to play with collecting hookahs, the use value of hookahs as smoking utensils has been second, and its value is more hidden in the aesthetics of the times and the survival mentality of all social classes. The zigzag pattern is like a window. Through the window, we feel the wisdom light and aesthetic taste transmitted from that distant age.