Cross-century spread of tobacco

by:WOYU     2020-02-23
In the early 16th century, tobacco spread to Europe. First spread to Spain, and later to Portugal, France, Britain and other places. In the second half of the 16th century, a doctor named Monardes discovered the medicinal value of tobacco in Seville, Spain. Tobacco was once regarded as a 'universal medicine' for treating all diseases. The European War, which lasted 30 years in the first seventeenth century, also contributed to the widespread spread of smoking. Spain was the earliest spreader of tobacco in Europe. At the time, Spain used the West Indies and Mexico as bases, and the original cigars that prevailed in the West Indies also spread in Spain. Portugal has also made an important contribution to the spread of tobacco worldwide. In 1500, Cabral and others arrived in Brazil and established a colony there, and Brazilian cigars spread to Portugal. In 1559, French ambassador to Portugal Jean Nicot dedicated tobacco to the French royal family as a gift, which was said to have cured Queen Catherine's headache. Nicot himself is also lucky to stay in the tobacco industry. The genus Nicotiana is named 'Nicotine' and its composition is named 'Nicotine'. Pipe smoking was prevalent in France in the second half of the 16th century. During the Louis XIII period in the first half of the 17th century, snuff began to prevail in high society. When British governor Jo Hawkinste attacked the French colonies off the coast of Florida, he brought yellow tobacco back to Britain in 1565. Later, Sir Walter Raleigh was ordered by Queen Elizabeth to send a fleet to southeast North America in 1584 to colonize Virginia. The local popular clay pipe was spread to the United Kingdom, and Britain became the oldest country in European pipe history. Around 1590, tobacco spread to the Netherlands via the UK and quickly became popular. Tobacco seeds were dedicated to the Pope in 1561, and the seeds were later planted in the Vatican Gardens. In the early 17th century, the British, Turks, and Laotians spread tobacco to Russia. The aforementioned 30-year European War has made smoking popular in countries such as Germany and Austria in Central Europe and Sweden in northern Europe. Around 1580, tobacco spread to Turkey via Britain and then to Persia from Turkey, and the practice of hookah appeared in Persia. This custom spread from Afghanistan through Pakistan and eventually to India and China. In the second half of the 16th century, the Portuguese brought tobacco to the west coast of Africa, northeast Africa, and the Arab region, and the Dutch spread it to southern Africa. At first people cultivated yellow tobacco, but later they started to grow ordinary tobacco. Before 1660, ordinary tobacco was also grown in Madagascar and the east coast of Africa. Next talk about the spread of tobacco in the East. The Spaniards first crossed the Pacific Ocean, bringing the custom of smoking to the Philips around 1575, and then spread to New York and Australia's northernmost Cape York Peninsula. Thereafter, the British brought the tobacco to other parts of Australia in 1787 and spread it to New Zealand in 1814. At the end of the 16th century, the Portuguese brought the custom of smoking to India, starting with hookah and then Indian hand-rolled cigarettes. The Portuguese and the Dutch spread tobacco to Java in 1601, and spread to Cilibes in 1613. Tobacco planting began in 1610 on Ceylon. Portuguese and Spanish brought smoking habits to Kyushu, Japan around 1590. Around 1600, various tobacco seeds were brought to Ibusuki (Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan), Nagasaki, and Hirado.
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